Volume 30, Issue 1 (April 2019)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2019, 30(1): 21-28 | Back to browse issues page

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mohamadi A, lotfollahi L, hemati A, parvin S, chaharbalesh A. FREQUENCY AND ANTIBACTERIAL RESISTANCE OF LISTERIA SPP. ISOLATED FROM THE FOOD AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES IN URMIA. Studies in Medical Sciences 2019; 30 (1) :21-28
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4449-en.html
Assistant Professor, Bachelor of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding Author) , liphd83@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3004 Views)
Background & Aims: Genus Listeria especially Listeria monocytogenes (L.monocytogenes), as a food-borne pathogen, is the causative agent of Listeriosis that could be fatal in high risk subjects such as pregnant women, immunocompromised persons, neonates, and elderly.
Materials & Methods: In the present study, the frequency of Listeria spp. and L.monocytogenes in 277 food and environmental samples from retail food markets of Urmia city was evaluated. After isolation and identification of strains, their antimicrobial resistance to 8 antibiotics of isolates was investigated by Kirby – bauer method.
Results: Out of 277 samples, 10 (3.61%) were positive for presence of Listeria spp. based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of 10 isolates, 3 (1.08%) isolates were identified as L.monocytogenes and molecular confirmation was done by PCR for plc-A gene. The frequencies of other species were L.ivanovii (0.72%), L.siligerii (0.72%) and 0.36% for welchimeri, grayi and innocua species, respectively (. Eight of the isolates (80%) were resistant to ampicillin and 7 (70%) to penicillin G. Their resistance to Co-trimoxazole and Gentamicin was not seen among isolates. Besides that, the resistance rate to erythromycin, rifampin, and tetracycline was 20%, for each antibiotic.
Conclusion: The result of present study indicated the resistance of Listeria species isolated from food against antibacterial agents that are therapeutic choice for Listeriosis. This reveals the prompt need for surveillance program and information system setup about listeria in Iran.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: میکروبیولوژی

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