Volume 29, Issue 4 (Monthly_Jul 2018)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2018, 29(4): 240-245 | Back to browse issues page

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eghbalian F, sabzehei M K, Karimi R, Monsef A R. FREQUENCY OF CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS AND ITS ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN NEWBORN INFANTS IN FATEMIYEH AND BESAT HOSPITALS OF HAMEDAN IN 2012. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2018; 29 (4) :240-245
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4356-en.html
Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. , amonar2009@gmail.com
Abstract:   (300 Views)
Background & Aims:
Congenital anomaly is characterized by any anatomical defects present in a baby at birth that may cause major medical, surgical, or cosmetic consequences. the present study aimed to determine the prevalence of congenital anomalies and related factors among infants in Hamadan Fatemiyeh and Behesht hospitals in 2015.
 
Materials & Methods:
this case series study included all subjects diagnosed with obvious abnormalities by a pediatrician who were admitted to Besat and Fatemiyeh hospitals of Hamadan. Gender, weight, birth week, type of anomaly, number of pregnancy and related parents were assessed as risk factors for congenital anomalies. Data collection was performed using checklists and statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, version 16.
 
Results:
: a total of 246 neonates with congenital anomalies were assessed. Among participants 46.3% (n=114) were female and 53.7% (n=132) were male. According to the findings of this study, the majority of neonates (63.8%) weighted less than 2500 grams. Also, 30% of the subjects were first births and 44.4% were second births. The commonest abnormalities were cardiac (39.6%), gastrointestinal (22.2%) and the least common was musculoskeletal anomalies (3.5%)
 
Conclusion:
the obvious congenital abnormalities during infancy include heart defects, renal anomalies, gastrointestinal, and genital abnormalities. In the second pregnancy, male infants are at greater risk for most types of congenital abnormalities than female infants.
 
Full-Text [PDF 385 kb]   (298 Downloads)    
Type of Study: case report | Subject: Infants

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