Volume 29, Issue 4 (Monthly_Jul 2018)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2018, 29(4): 295-304 | Back to browse issues page

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Komijani M, Shaykh-Baygloo N, Ghasemi S M, Azad F. A systematic review on the role of infectious agents in female and male infertility. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2018; 29 (4) :295-304
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4334-en.html
Urmia University , n.baygloo@urmia.ac.ir
Abstract:   (360 Views)
Background & Aims: Infertility is one of the major problems of today's societies, which affects a significant proportion of couples around the world. In addition to genetic and physiological disorders of female and male reproductive systems, infectious agents are also considered a significant part of the causes of infertility in couples. The purpose of this study was to review the literatures regarding the role of infectious agents (viruses, bacteria and protozoa) in female and male infertility.
Materials & Methods: The present review was conducted using articles published in PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Wiley and Springer databases between 2001 and 2017.
Results: According to the findings of the investigated articles, various infectious agents such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, Treponema pallidum, Human herpesvirus 6, Zika virus, Human papillomavirus, Herpes simplex virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, cytomegalovirus, Hepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, Trichomonas vaginalis, Toxoplasma gondii, etc can cause reduced fertility or infertility in couples by affecting the different parts of the reproductive system.
Conclusion: Special attention to the role of infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa in infertility, and further studies in this field can help us to better understand the causes of infertility as well as treatment of infertility in a significant proportion of infertile couples.
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Type of Study: Review article | Subject: میکروبیولوژی

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