Volume 31, Issue 6 (September 2020)                   Stud Med Sci 2020, 31(6): 476-484 | Back to browse issues page

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Sadeghi E, Taghizadeh Z, Karami Yar M, Nasimfar A, rasouli J, radvar M. THE EVALUATION OF CERVICAL ADENITIS CHARACTRITES IN CHILDREN ADMITTED TO URMIA MOTAHARI HOSPITAL. Stud Med Sci. 2020; 31 (6) :476-484
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-5213-en.html
Urmia University of Medical Sciences , ebrahimsadeghiphd@gmail.com‬
Abstract:   (1533 Views)
Background & Aims: Lymphadenitis is a type of inflammatory lymphadenopathy that is caused by the infiltration of inflammatory cells that can occur with or without the formation of abscesses inside the lymph node. Infectious acute lymphadenitis causes are mostly associated with acute viral and bacterial infection. The purpose of this study was to provide a more comprehensive description of the causes and evaluations performed and the effective treatment for patients referred to Shahid Motahari Hospital with cervical infectious lymphadenitis.
Methods & Materials: This retrospective study was performed on 191 children aged 3 months to 14 years admitted to Urmia Shahid Motahari Hospital who were diagnosed with cervical lymphadenitis between 2013 and 2018. Disease records, biological information, type of antibiotic treatment, aggressive procedure, contrast-enhanced CT scan information, treatment duration, and clinical symptoms were collected and a checklist was filled out.
Results: 107 patients (56%) were male and 84 patients (44%) were female. The mean age of patients was 46.65±35.05 months (range 3–168 months). Mean hospitalization duration was 5.54±3.19 days (range 1–22). The most common clinical symptom of the patients referred to the hospital was fever, which was present in 151 patients (79.1%). In 135 patients (70.7%) no aggressive procedure was taken. Abscess drainage was performed in 40 patients (20.9%), mass biopsy in 14 patients (7.3%), and surgery in 2 patients (1%). Thirty-nine patients (20.4%) had cultures that reported negative results in all cases.
Conclusion: The most common diagnosis in children is acute inflammatory lymphadenitis and occurs usually in spring and urban children. It is common in boys under 5 years of age. The most commonly used antibiotic is clindamycin. In cases of abscess, surgical drainage is performed for treatment.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatric Infectious Disease

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