Volume 31, Issue 4 (July 2020)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2020, 31(4): 305-315 | Back to browse issues page

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Associated Professor of Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. (Corresponding Author) , l_bolboli@uma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2311 Views)
Background & Aims: The structural and functional adaptations of the heart muscle to various stresses cause fundamental changes in this tissue, and also exercise training as a desirable stressor increases the hypertrophy and angiogenesis of heart tissue. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of six weeks of moderate-intensity endurance training on the levels of cortisol, MEF-2C, and MMP-2 gene expression in Wistar male myocardium.
Materials & Methods: Twenty adult male rats, 10-weeks old, weighing 243±8.2 g were examined in this experimental study. Animals were divided into two groups of 10 per group: training and control. The animals underwent six weeks of moderate-intensity endurance training for five days a week on a treadmill. Blood samples were taken before the first session and 24 hours after the last training session and cardiac tissue were extracted for measurement of MEF-2C and MMP-2 gene expression after the last session. Covariance analysis was used to compare the differences between cortisol level changes and independent t-test with a significant level of p<0/05 was used to examine changes in gene expression of MEF-2C and MMP-2.
Results: After six weeks of endurance training cortisol levels had no different change compared to pretest and control group with the significant level of (P=0.342) and (P=0.08), respectively. However, gene expression of both factors related to the angiogenesis of cardiac tissue MEF-2C and MMP-2 increased compared to the control group (p=0.016 and p=0.021, respectively).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that moderate-intensity endurance training has a positive effect on hypertrophy, and angiogenesis of rats' heart tissue and it seems that endurance training can be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease and it can cause beneficial structural adaptations for individuals.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Exercise physiology

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