Volume 27, Issue 12 (Monthly-Mar 2017)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2017, 27(12): 1041-1047 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sadeghi E, Nasim far A, Karamiyar M, Ghazavi A, Nikibakhsh A A, Noroozi M. Frequency of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Colonization among preschool and school children under 14 years old in Urmia. Studies in Medical Sciences 2017; 27 (12) :1041-1047
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3507-en.html
Urmia University of Medical Sciences , sadeghi.e@umsu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8289 Views)

Background and Aims: Nasal Colonization with Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is known as an important risk factor in the development of dangerous infections.

Materials and Methods: The present study seeks to investigate the prevalence of MRSA nasal colonization among the preschool and school children under 14 in Urmia. To do so, specimens for culture were obtained from 400 children. Cultures and antibiograms with oxacillin discs were performed in Shahid Motahari hospital of Urmia.

Results: 81 cases (47 females, 34 males) out of 400, nasal colonization were observed. Of which 12 (5 females, 7 males) were resistant to methicillin. Colonization was slightly higher among the females with no statistically significant difference (P.value>1).

Conclusion: The results indicate that colonization with MRSA is present among healthy children in the studied population. Fortunately, the respective prevalence was not higher compared to other areas. Further attention is required by the health authorities to prevent the transmission of such organisms among children

Full-Text [PDF 248 kb]   (5358 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pediatric Infectious Disease

1. Huang Y-C, Hwang K-P, Chen P-Y, Chen C-J, Lin T-Y. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among Taiwanese children in 2005 and 2006. J Clin Microbiol 2007;45(12): 3992–5. [PubMed]
2. White A. Increased infection rates in heavy nasal carries of coagulase positive staphylococci.Anti microbial agentschemother. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1963; 161: 667-80. [PubMed]
3. Wertheim HF, Vos MC, Ott A, van Belkum A, Voss A, Kluytmans JA et al. Risk and outcome of nosocomial Staphylococcus aureusbactermia in nasal carries versus non carries. Lancet 2004;364: 703-5. [PubMed]
4. Reagan DR, Doebbeling BN, Pfaller MA, Sheetz CT, Houston AK, Hollis RJ, et al. Elimination of coincident Staphylococcus aureus nasal and hand carriage with intra nasal application of mupirocin calcium ointment. Ann intern med 1991;114: 101-6. [Google Scholar]
5. Salmenlinna S, Lyytikäinen O, Vuopio-Varkila J. Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus Finland. Emerg infect Dis 2002;8(6): 602-7. [PubMed]
6. Nakamura MM, Rohling KL, Shashaty M, Lu H, Tang YW, Edwards KM. Prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in the community pediatric population. Pediatr infec Dis J 2002;21: 917-21. [PubMed]
7. Hussain FM, Boyle-Vavra S, Daum RS. Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization in healthy children attending an outpatient pediatric children. Pediatr infec Dis J 2001;20: 763-7. [PubMed]
8. Felten A, Grandry B, Lagrange PH, Casin I. Evaluation of three method for detection of low level Methicilline Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a disk diffusion method cefotaxime and moxalactam. J Clin Micbiol 2002;40: 2766-71. [Google Scholar]
9. Rijal KR, Pahari N, Shrestha BK, Nepal AK, Paudel B, Mahato P, et al. Prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in school children of pokhara. Nepal med coll J 2008;10(3): 192-5. [PubMed]
10. Heininger U, Datta F, Gervaix A, Schaad UB, Berger C, Vaudaux B,etal. Prevalance of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization in children a multicenter cross sectional study. Pediatr infect Dis J 2007;26(6): 546-4. [PubMed]
11. Sedighi I, Moez HJ, Alikhani MY. Nasal carriage of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in children attending day-care centers. Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung 2011;58(3):227–34. [PubMed]
12. Sharifi M, Karimzadeh T, Mohammadi-Chelkasari F, Bijani B, Alipoor-Heydari M. Community–acquired methicillin–resistant Staphylococcus aureus: prevalence and risk factors. JQUMS 2009;12:75–82.
13. Creech CB, Kernodle DS, Alsentzer A, Wilson C, Edwards KM. Increasing rates of nasal carriage of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus in healthy children. Pediatr infect Dis J 2005;24(7): 617-622 [PubMed]
14. Fritz SA, Garbutt J, Elward A, Shannon W, Storch GA. Prevalence of and risk factor for community pha acquired methicillin resistant and methicillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus colonization in children seen in a practice based research network. Pediatr 2008; 121: 6-8. [Article]
15. Suggs AH, Maranan MC, Boyle-Vavra S, Daum RS.Methicilline Resistant and Borderline Resistanta symptomatic Staphylococcus aureus Colonization in children without identifical risk factors. PediatrInf Dis J 1999;18: 410-4. [Article]
16. Masuda K, Masuda R, Nishi J-I, Tokuda K, Yoshinaga M, Miyata K. Incidences of nasopharyngeal colonization of respiratory bacterial pathogens in Japanese children attending day-care centers. Pediatr Int 2002;44(4):376–80. [PubMed]
17. Oguzkaya-Artan M, Baykan Z, Artan C. Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in healthy Preschool Childrens. Jpn J Inf Dis 2008;61: 70-2. [Google Scholar]
18. Kallen AJ, Driscoll TJ, Thornton S, Olson PE, Wallace MR. Increase in Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus at a naval medical center. Inf Cont Hosp Epidemiol 2000;21: 223-6. [Google Scholar]
19. Manju MP, Ragunathan L, Gautam S. Detection of Methicillin Resistance in Staphylococcus Aureus by Polymerase Chain Reaction and Conventional Methods: A Comparative Study. J Lab Physicians 2012; 4(2): 83–8. [PubMed]
20. Bignardi GE, Woodford N, Chapman A, Johnson AP, Speller DC. Detection of mecA gene and phenotypic Detection of resistant in Staphylococcus aureus isolates borderline or low level MethicillineResistant. J Antimicrob Chemother 1996;37: 53-63. [PubMed]
21. Hussain FM, Boyle-Vavra S, Daum RS. Community acquired methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus Colonization in healthy Childrens an outpatient pediatric clinic. Pediatr Inf Dis 2002;20: 763-7. [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Studies in Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb