Volume 26, Issue 4 (monthly_june 2015)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2015, 26(4): 281-289 | Back to browse issues page

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Delaramoghanlou S, Mehri S, Molavi P. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF REAL AND IMAGINAL EXPOSURE-RESPONSE PREVENTION ON OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2015; 26 (4) :281-289
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2892-en.html
Associate Professor, Psychology Department Psychology Department, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran , p.molavi@arums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2973 Views)

  

 Background & Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of real and imaginal exposure-response prevention methods on the improvement of patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder.

 Materials & Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted on 45 patients (from psychiatry clinics and psychology center of Fatemi Hospital of Ardabil) with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The samples were selected through accessible sampling and were randomly put into three groups of real exposure - response prevention group (15 patients), imaginal exposure-response prevention group (15 patients), and control group (15 patients). In order to collect the data, Maudsely's Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and Clinical Structured Interview based on the DSM-IV were used. The raw scores from the pre-test and post-test were analyzed using ANOVA and Scheffe’s test.

 Results: The results revealed that there was a significant difference between both experimental (real and imaginal exposure-response prevention) and control groups. It was also manifested that real exposure-response prevention method, in comparison to imaginal exposure-response prevention method, was more effectual in reducing symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder.

 Conclusion: Accordingly, it can be claimed that to reduce the symptoms of obsession, real exposure-response prevention is more effective than imaginal exposure-response prevention. To explain this finding it can be said that the real encounter with fear stimulating situations -in comparison to imaginal exposure- creates more anxiety and this anxiety and apprehension caused real exposure response prevention to overcome the imaginal exposure.

 

  SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2015: 26(4): 289 ISSN: 1027-3727

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانپزشکی

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