Volume 29, Issue 5 (Monthly_Aug 2018)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2018, 29(5): 336-348 | Back to browse issues page

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yaghoubi namin S, Ahadi H, Jomehri F, Kalhornia Golkar M. Comparison of Cognitive Stimulation Therapy and Montessori-Based Dementia on cognitive function in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Studies in Medical Sciences 2018; 29 (5) :336-348
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4408-en.html
Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and psychology, Edalat University, Tehran, Iran , bardiayaghoubi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6268 Views)
Background & Aims: Alzheimer's is the most common form of dementia, it is a chronic and progressive degenerative disorder and affects cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of cognitive stimulation therapy and Montessori-based dementia programming on cognitive function on people with Alzheimer's disease.
Materials & Methods: The research method was a semi-experimental pre-test and post-test with control group. 34 Alzheimer's patients were selected as available sampling. They were randomly assigned into three groups: the first experimental group (interventional technique: cognitive stimulation therapy), the second experimental group (interventional technique: Montessori-based dementia programming) and control group. The measurement tools consisted of MMSE cognitive test questionnaire, the mini-cog test, CDR memory test, and quality of life questionnaire.
Results: Multivariate covariance analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the cognitive stimulation therapy group and Montessori based dementia programming group in MMSE test, CDR test and the mini-cog test scores. Calculating the effect size among subjects showed that the CST is more effective.
Conclusion: Although cognitive stimulation therapy is more effective than Montessori based Dementia programming, but both protocols can be used as effective non-pharmacological interventions to improve the cognitive functions in Alzheimer's patients.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانشناسی

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