Volume 32, Issue 1 (April 2021)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2021, 32(1): 58-66 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-5225-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran (corresponding author) , soleymany.psy@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1920 Views)
Background & Aims: The body and concerns about it are one of the most important concerns in the lives of individuals, especially young people. The purpose of this study was to compare feelings of loneliness, self-differentiation, and neurotic symptoms in individuals with and without orthodontic treatment.
Materials & Methods: The method of this study is causal-comparative in a cross-sectional type. The statistical population of this study included all referrals who were referred to dental centers of Ahvaz from January to March of 2019. The statistical sample of this study consisted of 80 individuals (two groups of 40 persons) from the statistical population who were selected by available single-stage cluster random sampling and their age range was 19 to 40 years. Data were collected using Di Tomasso's Loneliness Questionnaire, Brennan & Bast, Shortened Self-Differentiation Questionnaire, and Neo-PI-R Revised Short Symptom Inventory.
Results: Findings of multivariate analysis of variance showed that there was a significant difference between individuals with and without orthodontic demand in loneliness (F=9/6, p<0/001) and its components, differentiation (F=8/9, p<0/001) and its components, and symptoms of neuroticism (F=9/1, p<0/001); but there was no significant difference in social loneliness (F=2/1, p<0/1) and emotional cut-off (F=1/08, p<0/3) between individuals with and without orthodontic demand.
Conclusion: It is recommended that by screening and identifying orthodontic clients, people who are mentally challenged and physically in need are identified as being in need of orthodontic treatment and that they can receive psychological supervision and treatment.
Full-Text [PDF 479 kb]   (774 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانشناسی

1. Meade M J, Weston A, Dreyer C W. Valid consent and orthodontic treatment. Aust Orthod J 2019; 35(1): 35. [DOI:10.21307/aoj-2020-031]
2. Kadioglu O, Currier GF, editors. Craniofacial 3D Imaging Current Concepts in Orthodontics and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Springer press; 2019 [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-00722-5]
3. Rosten A, Cunningham S, Newton J T. Body dysmorphic disorder: a guide to identification and management for the orthodontic team. J Orthod 2018; 45(3): 163-8. [DOI:10.1080/14653125.2018.1490874] [PMID]
4. Tarugu J, Pavithra R. Vinothchandar S. Effectiveness of structured group reminiscence therapy in decreasing the feelings of loneliness, depressive symptoms and anxiety among inmates of a residential home for the elderly in Chittoor district. Int J Community Med Public Health 2019;6(2):847-54 [DOI:10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190218]
5. Smith L L, Phemister W R, Blanch H K, Fowler J P, Antoun J, Foster L. Why, why, why do I have such big teeth, why?" Low socio-economic status and access to orthodontic treatment. N Z Dent J 2018; 114(2): 64-72. [Google Scholar]
6. Lampis J, Cataudella S, Busonera A, Skowron E A. The Role of Differentiation of Self and Dyadic Adjustment in Predicting Codependency. Contemp Fam Ther 2017; 39(1): 62-72. [DOI:10.1007/s10591-017-9403-4]
7. Doba K, Berna G, Constant E, Nandrino J L. Self-differentiation and eating disorders in early and middle adolescence: A cross-sectional path analysis. Eat Behav J 2018; 29(3):75-82. [DOI:10.1016/j.eatbeh.2018.03.003] [PMID]
8. Lin F, Ren M, Yao L, He Y, Guo J, Ye Q. Psychosocial impact of dental esthetics regulates motivation to seek orthodontic treatment. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2016;150(3): 476-82. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.02.024] [PMID]
9. Trishala A, Jeevanandan G. Malocclusion severity and orthodontic treatment needs in children-A review. Drug Invent. Today J 2018;10(4): 479-84. [Google Scholar]
10. Simon H L M, DiPlacido J, Conway J M. Attachment styles in college students and depression: The mediating role of self differentiation. Mental Health & Prevention 2019; 13(5): 135-42 [DOI:10.1016/j.mhp.2019.01.011]
11. Rodríguez P C, Judge R B, Castle D, Phillipou A. Body dysmorphia in dentistry and prosthodontics: A practice based study. J Dent 2018; 81(6):33-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.jdent.2018.12.003] [PMID]
12. Delavr A. Research Methods in Psychology and Educational Sciences. Tehran: Virayesh; 2005. (Persian) [URL]
13. DiTommaso E, Spinner B. Social and emotional loneliness: A reexamination of Weiss' typology of loneliness. Pers Indiv Diff 1997;22:417-27 [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(96)00204-8]
14. Jowkar B, Salimi A. Psychometric properties of the short form of the social and emotional loneliness scale for adults (SELSA-S). J Behav Sci 2012; 5 (4); 311-7. (Persian) [URL]
15. Drake J R. Differentiation of Self Inventory -Short Form: Creation & Initial Evidence of Construct Validity. PhD Dissertation, University of Missouri-Kansas City. 2011 [Google Scholar]
16. Fakhari N, Latifian M, Etemd J. A Study of Psychometric Properties of the Executive Skills Scale for Pre-School Children (Parent Form). J Educational assessment 2014; 4(15): 35-58. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
17. Costa PT, McCrae RR. Four ways five factors are basic. Pers Indiv Diff 1992; 3: 653-665. [DOI:10.1016/0191-8869(92)90236-I]
18. Roushan R, Shaeri MR, Atrifard A, Nikkhah A, Ghaem Maghami B, Rahimirad A. Inverstigating psychometric properties of NEO five factor inverntory. J Daneshvar Raftar 2006; 13 (16): 27-36. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
19. Gatto R C J, Garbin A J I, Corrente J E, Garbin C A S. The relationship between oral health-related quality of life, the need for orthodontic treatment and bullying, among Brazilian teenagers. Dental Press J Orthod2019; 24(2):73-80. [DOI:10.1590/2177-6709.24.2.073-080.oar] [PMID] [PMCID]
20. Freire M C M, Nery N G, Jordao LM R, Abreu M H. Individual and contextual determinants of dental pain in adolescents: evidence from a national survey. J Oral Dis 2019; 25(5): 1384-93. [DOI:10.1111/odi.13100] [PMID]
21. Dirks SJ, Monopoli M. Oral Health and Healthy Aging. HealAging J 2019; 4: 213-26. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-06200-2_19]
22. Chan A, Antoun J S, Morgaine K C, Farella M. Accounts of bullying on Twitter in relation to dentofacial features and orthodontic treatment. J Oral Rehabil 2017; 44(4):51-60. [DOI:10.1111/joor.12487] [PMID]
23. Tahmasebi S, Tahmasebi Z, Yagmayi F. Factors related to the tendency to perform cosmetic surgeries based on the theory of logical performance in Shahrekord students. Journal of Holistic Nursing and Midwifery 2014; 24(74): 53-61. (Persian) [URL]
24. Mohamad Panah O, Yusefi R. Assessment of beliefs about appearance and inferiority feeling in cosmetic surgery candidates. Journal of dermatology and cosmetic 2012; 2(2): 85-97. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
25. Wong L, Ryan F S, Christensen L R, Cunningham S J. Factors influencing satisfaction with the process of orthodontic treatment in adult patients. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2018; 153(3):362-70. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajodo.2017.07.017] [PMID]
26. Sajadpour F, Jamali E. The Consequence of Body Reproduction after Cosmetic Surgery among Women of Khorramabad. International Journal of Business and Social Science 2016; 7(8): 53-61. (Persian) [URL]
27. Ching B HH, Xu J T. Understanding cosmetic surgery consideration in Chinese adolescent girls: Contributions of materialism and sexual objectification. Body Image J 2019; 28(6): 6-15. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2018.11.001] [PMID]
28. Bradbury S D. Giving an account of entrepreneurial subjects and global spaces: social media and Colombian cosmetic surgery. (Doctoral dissertation). University of Victoria; 2018. [Google Scholar]
29. Lee K, Guy A, Dale J, Wolke D. Adolescent Desire for Cosmetic Surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg J 2017; 139(5): 1109-18. [DOI:10.1097/PRS.0000000000003252] [PMID]
30. Yi S, Zhang C, Ni C, Qian Y, Zhang J. Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics and desire for orthodontic treatment among Chinese undergraduate students. Patient Prefer Adherence J 2016; 64(9): 1025-37. [DOI:10.2147/PPA.S105260] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Kragt L, Jaddoe V, Wolvius E, Ongkosuwito E. The association of subjective orthodontic treatment need with oral health-related quality of life. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol J 2017; 45(4): 365-71. [DOI:10.1111/cdoe.12299] [PMID] [PMCID]
32. Pourmohseni Koluri F, Shirmohammadi S. The Comparison of Self-concept, maladaptive schema and emotional processing in people with and without cosmetic surgery. Rooyesh-e-Ravanshenasi Journal (RRJ) 2016; 5 (2):165-86. (Persian) [Google Scholar]
33. Aksoy A, Cesur M G, Dağdeviren B H, Özkaynak Y A, Karacin G, Gültekin F. Assessment of Pain, Anxiety, and Cortisol Levels During the Initial Aligning Phase of Fixed Orthodontic Treatment. Turk J Orthod 2019; 32(1): 34-40. [DOI:10.5152/TurkJOrthod.2019.18043] [PMID] [PMCID]
34. Agırnaslıgıl M O, Gul Amuk N, Kılıc E, Kutuk N, Demırbas A E, Alkan A. The changes of self-esteem, sensitivity to criticism, and social appearance anxiety in orthognathic surgery patients: A controlled study. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2019; 155(4): 482-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajodo.2018.05.019] [PMID]
35. Lin F, He Y, Ni Z, Olive R, Ren M, Yao L, et al. Individualized intervention to reduce anxiety in adult orthodontic patients based on Q methodology. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2017; 152(2): 161-70. [DOI:10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.12.015] [PMID]
36. Clijmans M, Lemiere J, Fieuws S, Willems G. Impact of self-esteem and personality traits on the association between orthodontic treatment need and oral health-related quality of life in adults seeking orthodontic treatment. Eur J Orthod 2015; 37(6): 643-50. [DOI:10.1093/ejo/cju092] [PMID]
37. hluwalia R, Bhatia N K, Kumar PS, Kaur P. Body dysmorphic disorder: Diagnosis, clinical aspects and treatment strategies. Indian J Dent Res 2017; 28(2): 193-200. [DOI:10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_669_15] [PMID]
38. Danesh S, Foroozandeh E. The Big 5 Personality and Body Image in Cosmetic Surgery Applicants in Esfahan. Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry 2018; 5 (1): 115-28. (Persian) [DOI:10.29252/shenakht.5.1.115]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Studies in Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb