Volume 26, Issue 9 (Monthly_Dec 2015)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2015, 26(9): 775-784 | Back to browse issues page

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Azak S, Mohebbi I, Salarilak S, Gharaaghaji Asl R. PREVALENCE OF METABOLIC SYNDROME AND RELATED RISK FACTORS IN PROFESSIONAL DRIVERS IN WEST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE, 2010-2012. Studies in Medical Sciences 2015; 26 (9) :775-784
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3137-en.html
Associate Professor in Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Medical Sciences Faculty, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran , salari@iaut.ac.ir, salarilak@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7133 Views)

Received: 19 Aug, 2015 Accepted: 22 Oct, 2015


Background & Aims: Professional drivers are apparently more involved in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its complications due to their working conditions. The outcome may not only be harmful for drivers, but also can be harmful to community as they play critical role in transportation and traffic sectors. Occupational stresses, physical inactivity, prolonged working hours, and inappropriate dietary habits have all been reported as contributors to health risk factors in drivers. The present research was carried out to determine the prevalence of MetS among professional drivers in West Azerbaijan province in Iran.

Materials & Methods: Medical documentation was the source of data for the reported study. It derived from medical examinations of 10000 among long distance drivers in West Azerbaijan province applying for driving license. The MetS was defined using International Diabetes Federation criteria.

Results: The average age of participants was 38.62±9.7 (20-74) years. The prevalence of MetS in subjects was %33.7 (95%CI: 32.7-34.6). The presence of central obesity was more common than other components %52.3 (95%CI: 51.4-53.2). The associations of MetS with BMI, age, and driving experiences were significant in the logistic regression. By increasing BMI, age, and driving experiences also odds ratio of MetS increased.

Conclusion: The study suggests that MetS has become a noteworthy health problem among West Azerbaijan among long distance drivers. Based on these findings, it is recommended to consider training programs, establish pertinent health regulations, and focus on the MetS complications in high risk group to improve and maintain their quality of life and to promote their public health.

SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2015: 26(9): 784 ISSN: 1027-3727

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Epidemiology

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