Volume 24, Issue 3 (Monthly 2013)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2013, 24(3): 201-209 | Back to browse issues page

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Farrokh-Eslamlou H R, Oshnouei S, Ahmadi N, Babaei F. GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF NUTRITION DEFICIENCY AMONG CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD IN THE WEST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE, IRAN. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2013; 24 (3) :201-209
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-1661-en.html
,Reproductive Health Research Center, urmia university of medical sciences , oshnoyi.sima@gmail.com
Abstract:   (7700 Views)

 

Background & Aims: The prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition has been a prudent decrease in all malnutrition levels. However, it is one of the important health problems in the west Azerbaijan province .In this study we determine  the  prevalence of malnutrition among children less than 5 years and identify hot points of  using Geographic Information System in West Azerbaijan province.

Materials & Methods: In cross-sectional study based on a cluster sampling, weight and height of ‎ ‎‎3341 children between 0-59 months old in West Azerbaijan province in 2008 year were gathered. Z scores calculated for three indicators: height for age, weight for height and weight for age‏ ‏.Geographical distribution pattern of underweight, stunting, and wasting indicators in 1‎‎4 districts of the province depicted by Geographical Information System (ARC GIS 9.3) software.

Results:  8.7%, 7.5% and 4.3 % of the children aged less than five years suffered from stunting, wasting, and underweight respectively the prevalence of malnutrition indexes varies at districts level of this province. The prevalence of stunting (30.5%) and wasting (9.6%) were highest among piranshahr and sardasht children respectively .The prevalence of stunting significantly higher among rural vs urban children (P<0.05), although there is no significant difference between wasting and underweight among rural vs urban areas(P>0.05)‏. ‏‎ ‎

Conclusion: The prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition was twofold higher than mean national level among children under five years old piranshar district were classified as high prevalence of malnutrition (eight fold of natial level) .  It appears that subjective strategies are required to improve the nutritional and health, socioeconomic indicators in this province.

SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2013: 24(3): 209 ISSN: 1027-3727

Full-Text [PDF 267 kb]   (1429 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی

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