Volume 31, Issue 12 (March 2021)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2021, 31(12): 903-911 | Back to browse issues page

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URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-5287-en.html
Associate Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maternal and Childhood Obesity Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. (Corresponding Author) , fbahadory27@yahoo.com@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3167 Views)
Background & Aims: Preeclampsia is one of the most serious complications of pregnancy. Preeclampsia can lead to dysfunction of various organs such as the liver, kidneys, and brain, leading to maternal and fetal complications. In this study, we intended to examine the various complications that occur in the mother and fetus due to preeclampsia.
Materials & Methods: In the present study, the researchers retrospectively extracted the maternal and fetal complications from the hospital records using a checklist designed based on the objectives of the study. In this study, all mothers with preeclampsia hospitalized since the beginning of 2019 were examined. For quantitative variables, central indices and dispersion (mean and standard deviation) were calculated, and for qualitative variables, frequency and frequency percentage were calculated. Graphs and statistical tables were used to display the data. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS.
Results: In this study, 200 pregnant women were studied. The mean age of mothers was 30.96±0.45 years. Only 71 pregnant women were hospitalized in the ICU. Most of the mothers studied were prime gravid. The prevalence of abortion among mothers was 30%. Only 55 (27.5%) mothers did not have the last normal ultrasound (fetal distress). 34 (26.6%) infants died while hospitalized in the NICU. The most common cause of termination of pregnancy among the studied mothers was uncontrolled blood pressure and elevated liver enzymes were the second most common cause for ending a pregnancy.
Conclusion: Preeclampsia leads to an increase in preterm birth rates, the amount, and duration of hospitalization in the NICU, and a higher rate of cesarean delivery, and consequently increases the costs imposed on the health care system.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: زنان و زایمان

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