Volume 31, Issue 8 (November 2020)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2020, 31(8): 582-587 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahraki T, Miri-Aliabad G. EFFICACY OF FECAL ANTIGEN TEST IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF HELICOBACTER PYLORI INFECTION IN CHILDREN. Studies in Medical Sciences 2020; 31 (8) :582-587
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-5257-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Children and Adolescent Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran (Corresponding author) , ghmiri13572gmail.com
Abstract:   (3031 Views)
Background & Aims: Diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is based on invasive and non-invasive methods. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of stool antigen test in comparison with endoscopy and histology for detection of Helicobacter pylori in children.
Materials & Methods: During four years, 233 children with gastrointestinal problems such as recurrent abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, and failure to thrive referring to Ali-Asghar hospital enrolled in the study. Data was gathered and analyzed using SPSS.
Results: Mean age of children was 7.28 years (range 1-15 years). One hundred twenty five children (53.6%) were female. In stool antigen test, positive and negative results were found in 134 (57.5%) and 99 (42.5%) patients, respectively. Also, pathology results revealed positive HP in 172 (73.8%) cases and negative findings in 61 (26.2%) cases. In present study, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of fecal antigen test were 60.4%, 50%, 77, 6% and 31.3%, respectively.
Conclusion: Results of this study showed that the fecal helicobacter pylori antigen test as a non-invasive method has low sensitivity and specificity in comparison to biopsy.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: کودکان (عمومی)

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