Volume 20, Number 2 (Summer 2009)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2009, 20(2): 137-143 | Back to browse issues page


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THE FREQUENCY OF OCULAR DISEASES IN EYE CLINIC AT IMAM KHOMEINI HOSPITAL OF URMIA. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2009; 20 (2) :137-143
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-436-en.html

Abstract:   (12675 Views)

  Abstract

  Background & Aims: The latest estimates of the World Health Organization (WHO) indicate that there are 161 million visually impaired people worldwide, 37 million of which are blind, with a yearly increase of 1 to 2 million it means approximately 0.85% of the world population. Another 135 million show visual impairment . This research was performed to determine the frequency of ocular diseases in ophthalmic patients of Urmia Imam Khomeini Hospital.

  Materials & Methods : This cross sectional and descriptive study was performed on 500 patients who referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital of Urmia. Samples were selected randomly. Data collected by using questioner and the results were analyzed using SPSS software.

  Results: 146 (29.2%) right eye, 143 (28.6%) left eye, and 211 (42.2%) both eyes of patients affected by diseases. In this study ocular diseases frequencies were: cataract 104 (20.8%), refractive errors 96 cases (19.2%), conjunctivitis 50 cases (10%), e yelid disease 46 cases (9.2%), pterygium 28 cases (5.6%), glaucoma 13 cases (2.6%), c ornea d isease 12 cases (2.4%), Amblyopia 5 cases (1%), Dry Eye 4 cases(0.8%), Strabismus 2 cases (0.4%).

  Conclusion: This research was performed to determine the frequency of ocular diseases in low size samples to be incomparable with other researches that were performed to determine the prevalence of ocular diseases in high size samples. We suggest more studies be performed to determine the prevalence of ocular diseases in high size samples.

 

  Keywords: Visual impairment, Ocular diseases, Frequency

 

  Address : Ophthalmology Department, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia, Iran Tel: (+98441) 3459538

 

  E-mail : nouradinsharifi@gmail.com

 

  Source: UMJ 2009: 20(2): 161 ISSN: 1027-3727

 

Full-Text [PDF 177 kb]   (910 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2009/09/2

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