Volume 25, Number 12 (Monthly-Feb 2015)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2015, 25(12): 1112-1118 | Back to browse issues page


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Jalali S, Nosrati K, Sarrafan N, Bijani A, Moodi E. PREVALENCE OF MAXILLOFACIAL FRACTURES IN PATIENTS REFERRING TO BABOL SHAHID BEHESHTI HOSPITAL DURING 2011 T0 2013. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2015; 25 (12) :1112-1118
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2684-en.html

Faculty of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences , sarajalali84@gmail.
Abstract:   (2806 Views)

 

Background & Aims: Maxillofacial fractures have economic and psychological complications in addition to effects on the performance and appearance of a person. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of maxillofacial fractures in patients referring to the emergency department of Shahid Beheshti hospital in Babol between 2011 to 2013.

Materials & Methods: In this retrospective study, we assessed the medical files of 311 patients with maxillofacial fractures admitted at Shahid Beheshti hospital during a 3-years period. Data collected in this study included age, sex, etiology, date of injury, anatomic site of injury. Goals were examined using descriptive statistics.

Results: Among 311 patients, there were 250 men and 61 women with a gender ratio of 1:4. The peak incidence of maxillofacial injury was observed in the age group of 21–30 years (32.2%). Road traffic accidents with 50.8% were the primary etiological factor. Among all fractures, mandibular bone fracture was the most common site of fractures (37.9%). Mean fractured point of 1.6 observed in each person. The maximum number (11.9%) of trauma cases was reported in February-March.

Conclusion: Maxillofacial fractures often occur in the third decade of men’s live and accidents remain the leading cause of these fractures. Therefore, we recommend more educational programs need to be evolved and implemented to promote the culture of using safety equipment and safety precautions. We additionally recommend that further, more elaborate studies should be conducted in areas and use the output to make policies for prevention and treatment. 

 

SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2015: 25(12): 1118 ISSN: 1027-3727

Full-Text [PDF 522 kb]   (562 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2015/03/3 | Accepted: 2015/03/3 | Published: 2015/03/3

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