Volume 28, Issue 6 (Monthly_Sep 2017)                   Stud Med Sci 2017, 28(6): 410-417 | Back to browse issues page

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jafary heidarloo M, mehrinejad S, sarrafan N. Evaluation of frequency of oral manifestation in end stage renal disease patients undergoing Hemodialysis in Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia. Stud Med Sci. 2017; 28 (6) :410-417
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-3914-en.html
Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Abstract:   (3825 Views)
Background & Aims: Renal disorders can occur due to several conditions such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, thus hemodialysis, dialysis, and renal transplantation are the ways that can help patients. Considering increasing rate of survival rate in these patients, disorders of oral cavity can lead to low quality of life and can affect the patient’s general health. The aim of this study was to evaluate, frequencies of manifestations like, xerostomia, uremic fetor, mucosal ulcers, dental decays, dental erosions and candidiasis in patients under hemodialysis in Urmia Imam Khomeini hospital.
Materials & Methods: In a descriptive study, 80 consecutive End Stage Renal Disease patients that were under hemodialysis in Urmia Imam Khomeini Hospital were evaluated. Disease related data such as length of disease, length of dialysis and underlying cause of disease were gathered. Thus, the patients went under specific oral examinations for oral manifestations of the disease.
Results: Among patients, in 35% of cases diabetes,40% hypertension,0% glomerulonephritis, 5% pyelonephritis, 2.5% polycystic kidney disease, and 17.5% others were counted as the underlying disease. During the specific examinations, in 62.5% of patients, xerostomia, 67.5% uremic fetor, 25% mucosal ulcer, 50% dental decay, 60% dental erosion and 5% candidiasis were found. Also, the relation between the oral manifestations and underlying disease were evaluated and P-value for xerostomia was 0.234, uremic fetor 0.05, mucosal ulcer 0.264, dental decay 0.003, erosion 0.082 and candidiasis 0.839.
Conclusion: Chronic and advanced dysfunction of kidney can lead to changes in oral cavity such as, xerostomia, uremic fetor, mucosal ulcers, dental decays, dental erosions and candidiasis. Though, ESRD patients should go under periodical examinations for aforementioned oral manifestations and in the cases of occurred complications, concise treatment should be considered. Further studies for finding other oral manifestations of ESRD patients are suggested.
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