Volume 26, Issue 5 (Monthly-Jul 2015)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2015, 26(5): 370-379 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Public Health, Medical Sciences Faculty, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran , salari@iaut.ac.ir, salarilak@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (8615 Views)

 

  Background & Aims : Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death in West Azerbaijan province. This study was conducted to estimate the contribution to the burden of modification risk factor of central obesity and determine the effect of reducing its prevalence on cardiovascular diseases in this province.

  Materials & Methods : To calculate the P otential Impact Fraction (PIF) , the World Health Organization comparative risk assessment (CRA) methodology was used. The prevalence of risk factor was obtained from provincial data of the sixth steps survey of non-communicable risk factors which was conducted in 2011 and the effect size of risk factor was extracted from Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study.

  Results : By reducing the percent of women with central obesity from %19.1 to the theoretical (zero level) and the feasible minimum risk level i.e. % 12, respectively 9.5% and 3.5% of attributable Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) to cardiovascular disease were avoidable, also with the decrease in the prevalence of obesity in men from 18 % to the theoretical risk ( zero) and feasible minimum risk ( 12%) the corresponding value were 7.4% and 2.5%, respectively.

  Conclusion : According to the considerable contribution of central obesity on attributable burden of cardiovascular disease in West Azerbaijan province and considering this fact that central obesity has important role in increasing hypertension, cholesterol, triglycerides and blood sugar, prevention and control of central obesity will be an essential approach to reducing morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases.

  SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2015: 26(5): 379 ISSN: 1027-3727

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: قلب و عروق

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