Volume 22, Issue 6 (Biomonthly Feb-Mar 2012)                   Stud Med Sci 2012, 22(6): 560-568 | Back to browse issues page

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Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Branch , Zanjan, Iran , motazaker@umsu.ac.ir
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  Background & Aims : Drug addiction is one of the problems that affect the international community with regard to specific characteristics of each society . Addiction has serious and profound effects on health , family life , economy , security and cultural grow . Association of addiction with many infectious diseases such as hepatitis B, C, and AIDS has been proved by many reports. Given the growing trend of drug abuse in the country and the region and lack of published data, it was decided to study the prevalence of high risk behaviors in drug addict population referring to methadone treatment center in Urmia psychiatry hospital in 2010.

  Material & Methods : In a cross - sectional study, 384 addicts referring to Methadon treatment center in Urmia psychiatric hospital were randomly selected in spring 2010. The survey tool was the questionnaire. Data collection was carried out by one researcher through interview within three months. Demographic information and risky behaviors of addicts including intravenous drug injection, tattooing, prison records etc were obtained and analyzed using SPSS software.

  Results : Of 384 patients, 58 patients (15%) were IV drug abusers and 326 patients (85%) were non-intravenous drug users. Seventy five percent of drug users were married, the mean duration of addiction was 12 years, prison history was observed in 42%. With regard to drug use method, snuffing in 61%, injection of drug in 15%, and oral use in 24%) was observed. Considering other risk factors, history of alcohol use for more than 5 years in 26.6% percent, tattooing in 23%, shared use of syringes in only 1.6%, sharing razors in 5%, illegal sex (16.1%t). The most frequent drugs used were opium (50%) and heroin (33 %).

  Conclusion : Results from this study show that high-risk behaviors such as injecting drug, the use of shared needles and unsafe sexual contacts can be seen more prevalent among drug addicts. These behaviors predispose drug addicts to various diseases including blood borne infections. Considering the growing number of addicts, it would be essential in this vulnerable group to receive necessary health education and prevention services in rehabilitation centers.    

  Source : Urmia Med J 2012: 22(6): 583 ISSN: 1027-3727

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی

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