Ethical consideration of UMJ:

 | Post date: 2018/01/29 | 
Study design and ethical approval: Good research should be well justified, well planned, appropriately designed, and ethically approved. To conduct research to a lower standard may constitute misconduct. The authors are responsible for the whole scientific content as well as the accuracy of the bibliographic information.
Data analysis: Data should be appropriately analysed, but inappropriate analysis does not necessarily amount to misconduct. Fabrication and falsification of data do constitute misconduct.
Authorship: There is no universally agreed definition of authorship, although attempts have been made. As a minimum, authors should take responsibility for a particular section of the study. After manuscript submission, authors cannot be added, removed or ordered differently. If not followed, submission will be canceled . Please do not state more than one corresponding author or give equal credit to two authors. The journal might have to remove any extra names without contacting you.
Conflicts of interest: Conflicts of interest comprise those which may not be fully apparent and which may influence the judgment of author, reviewers, and editors. They have been described as those which, when revealed later, would make a reasonable reader feel misled or deceived. They may be personal, commercial, political, academic or financial. “Financial” interests may include employment, research funding, stock or share ownership, payment for lectures or travel, consultancies and company support for staff.
Peer review: This journal uses Double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. To facilitate this, authors need to ensure that their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not give away their identity. Authors have the right to communicate to the editor if they do not wish their manuscript to be reviewed by a particular reviewer because of potential conflicts of interest. No article is rejected unless negative comments are received from at least two reviewers.
Redundant publication: Redundant publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross reference, share the same hypothesis, data, discussion points, or conclusions. In such cases, the manuscript will be rejected.
Plagiarism: Plagiarism ranges from the unreferenced use of others’ published and unpublished ideas, including research grant applications to submission under “new” authorship of a complete paper, sometimes in a different language. It may occur at any stage of planning, research, writing, or publication: it applies to print and electronic versions. All the manuscript submitted to UMJ are checked by authenticate for possible plagiarism. The authors are expected to check their manuscript for plagiarism before submission.
Human and animal studies: All manuscripts reporting the results of experimental investigations involving human subjects should include a statement confirming the informed consent was obtained from each subject or subject’s guardian. All animal or human studies should be used after approval of the experimental protocol by a local ethics committee.
Urmia Medical journal Processes for Detecting and Responding to Ethics Concerns
The procedures followed by UMJ are summarized below.
Ethics Panel: Publishing Board Chair, Director of Journals, Editor in Chief, ad hoc experts (as required).
Procedure for handling allegations of misconduct in submitted manuscripts:
Submissions to UMJ journals may be assessed for similarity with other published material and/or image screening to check for originality and image manipulation, respectively.
Editors, reviewers, and/or staff bring suspected instances of ethics misconduct to the attention of the journal Editor in Chief (EiC) and the Journals' Publishing Ethics Manager.
The EiC and Publishing Ethics Manager review the allegation and make a preliminary assessment. If they decide that there is merit to the allegation the manuscript is placed on hold.
Additional analyses, including similarity checks and forensic image analyses, may be requested as necessary.
The EiC sends a letter of inquiry to the corresponding author summarizing the allegation and requesting an explanation. Original data may be requested.
The Ethics Panel convenes to discuss the allegations, explanations, possible corrective actions, and sanctions. Possible sanctions include warnings, increased scrutiny of subsequent manuscripts, and prohibitions from publishing in UMJ journals for a period of time, up to possible lifetime bans for the most severe cases.
The corresponding author and co-authors are notified of the Ethics Panel's decision.
Authors may appeal the decision by writing to the UMJ Ethics Committee.
UMJ’s priority is to preserve the integrity of the scientific record. Additionally, we hope to educate authors on issues of misconduct. Therefore, manuscripts submitted by authors who receive warnings and/or sanctions due to ethical misconduct will likely undergo increased scrutiny. Repeated offenses will likely result in more severe sanctions.
In cases of alleged fraud or misconduct, the Ethics Panel will notify the authors' institution(s)

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