Volume 29, Issue 11 (Monthly_Feb 2019)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2019, 29(11): 763-772 | Back to browse issues page

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Sohrabi Z, Yaghoubi H, Shalchi B. Survey of Planning Executive functions in patients with epilepsy (tonic-clonic, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy) and healthy people. Studies in Medical Sciences 2019; 29 (11) :763-772
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4320-en.html
Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, School of Psychology of Education, Tabriz, Iran , zarife.sohrabi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3882 Views)
Background & Aims: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease that is manifested in the form of frequent seizures and accompanied by changes in behavior, sensation, perception, learning, and memory. Different findings indicate that discharge seizure in different parts of the brain affects the Executive functions, and also prevents processing in complex individual behaviors. The purpose of this study was to compare Executive functions in patients with epilepsy (tonic-clonic, juvenile myoclonic epilepsy) and healthy subjects.
Materials & Methods: In this casual-comparative study, convenience sampling method was used. The study population consisted of all epileptic patients referring to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Urmia and the study sample included 133 participants (N= 73 Patients and N= 60 healthy subjects) aged 18-35 years. Among the patients, 14 participants were excluded due to lack of selection criteria and 59 participants (N= 29 with myoclonic and N= 30 with Tonic-clonic epilepsy) remained in the study.
Data regarding Examination neurophysiology was gathered by Tower of Hanoi (seven motor) to evaluate the Executive functions, and analyzed by Multivariate analysis of variance and Scheffé post - hoc test was used for independent groups.
Results: The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed a significant difference between both group in the six and seven motor (p<0/01). The Scheffé post - hoc test also revealed that there was no significant difference (p> 0.05) between the two groups in the tonic-clonic epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy in the Executive functions.
Conclusion: Findings indicate that the Executive functions the tonic-clonic epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is lower than that of healthy subjects. These findings confirmed previous findings that cognitive functions deteriorate in patients with epilepsy.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Neuroscience

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