Volume 28, Issue 10 (Monthly_Jan 2018)                   Studies in Medical Sciences 2018, 28(10): 637-646 | Back to browse issues page

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salimi S, Mahmoudian M, Zohdiaghdam R. Evaluation of radiation protection effect of new hybrid nanocomposite layers against x-rays used in mammography. Studies in Medical Sciences 2018; 28 (10) :637-646
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-4173-en.html
Urmia University of Medical Science, School of Para Medicine , zohdiaghdam@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3381 Views)
Background & Aim: In mammography absorbed dose is insignificant. Biologically, in normal people, the phenomenon of hypersensitivity to low doses occurs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the synergistic of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT) in the polymer substrate of Poly Dimethyl Siloxane (PDMS) in common energy in mammography.
Materials & Methods: Cerium oxide nanoparticles and SWCNT were added into the PDMS polymer in order to fabricate 15 layers of nanocomposites. The dispersion of nanoparticles in the polymer was investigated by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM). At mammography unit of Motahari Hospital, the nanocomposites were irradiated with 28 kV tube potential. The radiation characteristics were then recorded by the piranha dosimeter. The results of radiation attenuation were calculated. Statistical analysis with Kruskal-Wallis test was performed with a significance level of less than 0.05.
Results: The results of the FE-SEM showed the excellent dispersion of nanoparticles. It indicated the accuracy of the range (10-30 nm) of particle diameter. The characteristic of the beam quality (0.338 mm Al) was correctly within the defined range. The statistical analysis resulted in a P-value of 0.027, which it indicated a significant difference in the amount attenuation of nanocomposites. By adding SWCNT into samples, the absorption was increased by up to 3%. The most important achievement was a 12% reduction in weight, for hybrid nanocomposites (25% cerium oxide nanoparticles + SWCNT) than those that contained only 25% of the cerium oxide.
Conclusion: The results showed that cerium oxide, based on PDMS, is able to attenuate X-rays. In addition, single-wall carbon nanotubes can be effective in improving the effectiveness of protective clothing in terms of increasing attenuation and decreasing weight in mammography.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: فیزیک پزشکی

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