Background & Aims: The maxillofacial fractures have shown an increasing trend. Hence, in this study, the trend of maxillofacial fractures is studied and their corresponding etiologies are analyzed in patients referring to Imam Khomeini hospital.
Materials & Methods: In a descriptive cross-sectional design, 637 medical documents of patients with maxillofacial fractures who referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital between 2009- 2011 were evaluated and were analyzed using ANOVA and chi-square exams with SPSS software.
Results: The mean age of maxillafacial trauma was 26.68 ±14.47 years. Falls and traffic accidents were the most common cause of fractures followed by assaults. The most common fracture sites were nasal and mandible areas with 66.4% and 7.1%, respectively.
Conclusions: It may be concluded that maxillofacial fractures are more common among males aging from 20 to 30 years old and are mainly due to falls and traffic accidents and are more common in nasal and mandible areas.