Volume 19, Number 4 (winter 2009)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2009, 19(4): 316-324 | Back to browse issues page


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Saboory E, Heshmatian B, Allah Tavakoli M. A SURVEY OF AMYGDALA CENTRALIS CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSE TO ANGIOTENSIN I MICROINJECTION IN RENOVASCULAR HYPERTENSIVE RAT. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2009; 19 (4) :316-324
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-356-en.html

Assistant Professor of Physiology , behhesh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (22843 Views)

  E Saboory [1] , Ph.D B Heshmatian [2] , Ph.D M Allah Tavakoli [3] , Ph.D

 Received: 12 March, 2008 Accepted: 12 Aug, 2008

 Abstract

 Background & Aims: Previous studies have revealed that induction of two kidneys, one clip Goldblatt hypertension induction in rats eliminates hypertensive response after inactivating of the central nucleus of the amygdala. The present study investigated the possibility of alteration in local renin angiotensin system activity in central nucleus of the amygdala after hypertension induction and evaluation of cardiovascular response to angiotensin I microinjection into central nucleus of the amygdala in wistar rats.

 Materials & Methods: 130 Wistar rats were studied in this investigation. Clamps were placed on the left renal arteries to induce two kidneys, one clip Goldblatt hypertension. A similar surgery procedure without clipping was done in sham group. The rats were studied eight weeks after surgery. The mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were measured directly with indwelling arterial cannula under urethane anesthesia. Rats received bilateral cannulation of the central nucleus of the amygdala for angiotensin I microinjection. After bilateral microinjection of consecutive doses of angiotensin I (0.5µL- 10µM, 10nM and 10pM), saline and pretreatment of losartan (10 µ M), saralasin (1nM) or captopril (10 µ M) before Angiotensin I injection into central nucleus of the amygdala, mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were measured and compared between groups.

 Results: Bilateral microinjection of consecutive doses of angiotensin I into central nucleus of the amygdala significantly increased mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate in hypertensive group in comparison to normotensive one (P<0.001) . After pretreatment of saralasin and losartan the effects of 10nM angiotensin I microinjection into central nucleus of the amygdala of all groups were inhibited.

 Captopril inhibits effects of angiotensin I in normotensive animals but does not in hypertensive ones.

  Conclusion : These results are functionally demonstration of cardiovascular effects of angiotensin I microinjection into central nucleus of the amygdala and those effects have increased after 2K1C hypertension induction. This process may contribute in Goldblatt hypertension pathogenesis. Increased angiotensin II receptors or accelerated proteolytic process of angiotensin I to angiotensin II may alter angiotensin I microinjection into central nucleus of the amygdala outcome.

 Keywords: Renin-angiotensin system, Amygdala c entralis , Two kidneys, One clip Goldblatt hypertension, Angiotensin I.

  Address: Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. Tel: 0441-2770969

  E-mail: behhesh@yahoo.com

  Source: UMJ 2009: 19(4): 360 ISSN: 1027-3727



  [1] Assistant Professor of Physiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

  [2] Assistant Professor of Physiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, , Urmia, Iran (Corresponding Author)

  [3] Assistant Professor of Physiology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan , Iran

Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (1025 Downloads)    
Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2009/03/14

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