Volume 26, Number 3 (Monthly-May 2015)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2015, 26(3): 260-267 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Soltanmora S, Moghaddam-Banaem L, Amini M. NUTRITIONAL INTAKES OF ZINC, IRON, AND VITAMINS RELATIONS WITH SERUM LEVELS OF ZINC AND IRON IN EARLY PREGNANCY. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2015; 26 (3) :260-267
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2817-en.html

Assistant Professor Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , moghaddamb@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2419 Views)

 

Background & Aims: Considering the important role of pregnancy nutrition on maternal and fetal health, this study was performed to define the effects of nutritional intakes of some vitamins, zinc, and iron on serum levels of zinc and iron in the first half of pregnancy.

Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 538 pregnant women attending Tehran prenatal clinics in their first half of pregnancy in 2011. Upon entry into the study, a general demographic and a food frequency questionnaire were completed for all participants and then a venous blood sample was taken from them. The data were analyzed by N4 (nutritional software) and SPSS.

Results: In correlation analysis, iron serum levels had direct correlation with daily intakes of vitamin K (r: 0.095, p-value: 0.027) and vitamin A (r: 0.16, p-value<0.001). In linear regression analysis, there was a significant relation between zinc serum levels and consumption of folic acid (β: 0.131, p-value: 0.003) and iron supplementation (β: -0.094, p-value: 0.034). Also in linear regression analysis, there were significant relation between iron serum levels and dietary intakes of zinc (β: -0.142, p-value: 0.053), and vitamin A (β: 0.150, p-value: 0.001).

Conclusion: Considering the obtained results about the dietary intakes of zinc and iron not affecting their serum levels in early pregnancy, these findings need further investigation. Also, considering the negative effect of iron supplementation on zinc serum levels, this supplement should be provided with more precaution in pregnancy.

 

SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2015: 26(3): 267 ISSN: 1027-3727

Keywords: Pregnancy, Vitamins, Iron, Zinc
Full-Text [PDF 251 kb]   (620 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2015/05/30 | Accepted: 2015/05/30 | Published: 2015/05/30

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | URMIA MEDICAL JOURNAL

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb