Volume 26, Issue 3 (Monthly-May 2015)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2015, 26(3): 194-204 | Back to browse issues page

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Psychology Department, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran , afroozafshari@gmail.com
Abstract:   (8896 Views)


Background& Aims: Social anxiety disorder is one of the prevalent disorders of childhood and delayed or inappropriate treatment can cause chronicity, conversion, and comorbidity of disorder with other psychiatric problems. Early effective interventions can yield lasting benefits for children, family, and society. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare cognitive-behavioral (CBT) and emotion-focused cognitive behavioral therapies' effectiveness (ECBT) on social anxiety disorder of 9-13 year old children in Isfahan.

Materials & Methods: This experimental study included pretest, post-test and follow-up with a control group. The study population was all 9-13 year old children with social anxiety disorder in Isfahan. The samples were 36 children with social anxiety (18 girls and 18 boys) randomly assigned to CBT, ECBT and control group (with no treatment). Before and after the treatment and 3 months afterwards children were tested by SCARED (for anxiety) and CEMS (for emotional management) questionnaires. The data were analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: The findings revealed that both treatments (CBT & ECBT) in comparison with the control group in post-treatment and follow-up caused reduction of social and total anxiety scores and sadness dysregulation and there was no difference between two groups. Also emotion focused therapy in comparison to controls significantly reduced anger dysregulation and sadness inhibition, increased sadness and anger coping, and was different with cognitive behavioral therapy (p<0.05).

Conclusion: In children with social anxiety, there is no difference between CBT and ECBT in effecting on anxiety and sadness dysregulation, but ECBT can improve negative emotional management (sadness and anger). So using this protocol is recommended to therapists if in addition to anxiety, the child has problem with managing other negative emotions.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی