Volume 25, Issue 5 (Monthly-July 2014)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2014, 25(5): 382-396 | Back to browse issues page


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Khalili L, Dolatshahi B, Farhodi M, Niknam Z, Pourshahbaz A. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ATTENTION REHABILITATION IN DECREASING FOCUSED ATTENTION AND WORKING MEMORY DEFICITS ON MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS PATIENTS . J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2014; 25 (5) :382-396
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2321-en.html

Psychology and Psychiatry Department, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran , leili.khalili@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (5179 Views)

  

 Background & Aims: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive central nervous system (CNS) disease. Cognitive impairment is a common concomitant of multiple sclerosis that affects various aspects of cognitive functioning including attention, and memory. Few studies investigated the efficacy of attention rehabilitation to decrease attention deficits in multiple sclerosis patients. The present study investigated the effectiveness of attention rehabilitation for decreasing focused attention and working memory deficits in multiple sclerosis patients.

 Materials & Methods: This single case study with A/B model followed six patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS) who were selected with judgmental sampling. The studied variables focused on attention and working memory. The instruments used included Subtest Backward Wechsler Memory and Subtest Coding Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale (WAIS), Multiple Sclerosis Neuropsychology Questioner, Beck Depression Inventory - II (BDI-II). The data were analyzed by visual analysis, Cohen's d and percentage of increases.

 Results: From 6 cases, 5 cases significantly focused on high efficiency, one on moderate effectiveness of focused attention, three cases fairly on effectiveness, two subjects on probable effectiveness, and one on low working memory.

 Conclusion: These findings suggest that attention rehabilitation can decrease focused attention and working memory deficits in multiple sclerosis patients.

 

  SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2014: 25(5): 396 ISSN: 1027-3727

Full-Text [PDF 526 kb]   (1267 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2014/07/27 | Accepted: 2014/07/27 | Published: 2014/07/27

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