Volume 24, Number 11 (Monthly-Jan 2014)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2014, 24(11): 872-882 | Back to browse issues page


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Kargarnovin Z, Pourghassem Gargari B, Ranjbar F, Rashidkhani B, Zareiy S, Hosein Poor S et al . THE ASSOCIATION OF FOOD GROUPS WITH MAJOR DEPRESSION IN ADULT WOMEN RESIDENT IN TABRIZ. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2014; 24 (11) :872-882
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-2016-en.html

National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, , d_sa_za@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4354 Views)

 

  Background & Aims : Major depression is a common mental disorder with the peak prevalence among 25 to 44 year old women. A number of studies have demonstrated the association between some nutrients and depression, but the studies on the association of food groups with depression especially in the Middle East are rare.

  Materials & Methods : In this case-control study, 45 women with major depression and 90 women with no mental disorder participated. First, the psychologic questionnaires, and then general information, food frequency, and physical activity questionnaires were completed. Based on the food guide pyramid, food items of food frequency questionnaire were classified into 6 groups and 16 subgroups.

  Results : After adjusting for confounders, the odds of major depression was significantly lower in individuals who consumed higher amounts of citrus fruits, berries and melons (P=0.001), other fruits (P<0.001), dark green leafy vegetables (P=0.004), yellow vegetables (P=0.012), other vegetables (P=0.001), fish (P=0.017), and meat alternates (P=0.036). While the odds of major depression in participants who consumed higher amounts of meat and poultry (P=0.016), and sweets (P=0.071) was respectively 3.33 and 2.48 times more than those who consumed lower amounts of these subgroups.

  Conclusion : Consumption of healthier food groups is significantly associated with lower odds of major depression in women.

  SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2014: 24(11): 882 ISSN: 1027-3727

Full-Text [PDF 190 kb]   (768 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2014/01/22 | Accepted: 2014/01/22 | Published: 2014/01/22

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