Volume 24, Number 10 (Monthly_Dec 2013)                   J Urmia Univ Med Sci 2013, 24(10): 785-790 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nikoonejad A, Gharabaghi N, Davari M, Ayromloo M, Nejad Rahim R. SENSITIVITY PATTERN AND RESISTANCE AGAINST ANTIBIOTICS IN ISOLATED MICROORGANISMS OF HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS . J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2013; 24 (10) :785-790
URL: http://umj.umsu.ac.ir/article-1-1988-en.html

Assistant Professor of Infectious Disease Department of Infectious Disease, Taleghani Hospital, Urmia University of Medical Sciences , rnejadrahim@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4681 Views)
Background & Aims: The presence of resistant bacteria in different parts of hospitals and the problems these persistent bacteria cause in treating the patients urge the necessity of identification and precise knowledge about these bacteria and their sensitivity pattern and resistance against antibiotics. This investigation was conducted in order to determine the sensitivity pattern and resistance against antibiotics in isolated microorganisms from hospitalized patients. Materials & Methods: This is a descriptive sectional investigation which was conducted from January 2009 to January 2011 in Taleghani Hospital in Urmia City and the cultured samples of patients from different parts of the hospital including urine, blood, phlegm, ulcer, discharge, etc. sent to the laboratory were investigated. In order to determine antibiogram disk agar diffusion (DAD) method was used, positive cultures were extracted and their results regarding the type of bacteria and antibiogram results were recorded in the experiment paper. The gathered data were analyzed using SPSS-20 software. Results: From all cultured samples in two years, 964 samples were reported and 640 samples were from hospitalized patients from different parts of the hospital from which 48.4% of the samples were from the male patients and 51.6% from the female patients and age average of the patients was 60 years and the age range of the patients was from 12 to 99. The highest sensitivity among all samples belonged to vancomycin (more than 90%). and the highest resistance belonged to cephalexin, erythromycin and cefixime (more than 70%). The most common bacterium and the most sensitive antibiotic (with ignoring vancomycin) were as follows, in urine samples: E.Coli 57.9%, nitrofurantoine – blood: negative staph coagulase 33.5%, rifampin – discharge: staph.aureus 38.6%,imipenem– ulcer: staph.aureus 38.6%, nitrofurantoin and co-trimoxazole – sputum : acintobacter 45.5%, rifampin. Conclusion: The results of this research shows extensive increase in the resistance of the bacteria compared to common antibiotics the reason of which may be irregular consumption and prescription of antibiotics, so it is advised that more care shall be used in choosing antibiotics for the treatment and its prescription. Also, precise determination of antibiotic sensitivity pattern needs more extensive investigation with more samples in different treatment centers. SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2013: 24(10): 790 ISSN: 1027-3727
Full-Text [PDF 132 kb]   (727 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: آناتومی
Received: 2013/12/25 | Accepted: 2013/12/25 | Published: 2013/12/25

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | URMIA MEDICAL JOURNAL

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb