Background & Aims : Researches has demonstrated that self efficacy is related to smoking behavior and smokers have a poor quality of life compared with nonsmokers. The aim of this study was to assess the self efficacy and quality of life dimensions in smokers and nonsmokers.
Materials & Methods : This study was conducted on 160 men (80 smokers and 80 nonsmokers) that were selected by haphazard sampling model. Data were gathered via Sherer's self efficacy questionnaire and world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) inventory. The data were analyzed using multiple analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Results : The findings showed significant difference in self efficacy (P<0.05) and all dimensions of quality of life including physical (P<0.005), psychological (P<0.01), social relationship (P<0.05), and environment (P<0.005) between smokers and nonsmokers.
Conclusion : The low rate of self efficacy and quality of life in smokers is approved by previous studies and revealed that smokers have a negative perception about their self efficacy and physical, psychological, social relationship, and environmental health than nonsmokers.
SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2013: 24(4): 262 ISSN: 1027-3727