Background & Aims: Given the significance of emotions in mental health, the present study aimed to compare the emotional dysregulation and affective styles among smokers and nonsmokers.
Materials & Methods: This descriptive and comparative study was conducted on the guilds of Kermanshah. The simple random sampling was used as the basic sampling technique whereby 152 smokers and 152 nonsmokers were selected. To collect the required data, the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (DERS) and the affective style questionnaire (ASQ) were exploited. As for data analysis, the multivariate analysis of variance was utilized. Additionally, the SPSS 21 was employed for data analysis.
Results: The results of the present study revealed that there was a significant difference between the smokers and nonsmokers in terms of the emotional dysregulation and affective styles. Besides, the results demonstrated that the emotional dysregulation was significantly higher among the smokers (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Given the results of the present study, it was concluded that the emotional dysregulation and affective styles played roles in smoking. Accordingly, it was concluded that two possible reasons for one’s tendency towards smoking were one’s inability to use positive strategies for regulating emotions and numerous shortcomings in affection.
SOURCE: URMIA MED J 2017: 27(10): 855 ISSN: 1027-3727